This style is most often used by the managers. It focuses on the basic management process of controlling, organizing, and short-term planning.
They have a charming personality and magnetism that draws followers to them, and they provide encouragement and support that inspires followers to want to meet their goals Northouse, There are four main factors of transformational leadership.
One is idealized influence or charisma, which describes leaders who are charming, and who have a compelling presence and an allure that attracts followers to want to be like them and help them achieve their goals Northouse, Another factor is inspirational motivation, which describes how leaders incentivize followers to participate in the achievement of their vision by convincing them their input is vital and irreplaceable Northouse, An additional factor is intellectual stimulation which describes how leaders incentivize followers by challenging them to think outside the box, encouraging creative expression and supporting them in all their endeavors to meet team goals Northouse, The final factor is individualized consideration, which describes leaders who are attentive to followers needs, who are sympathetic, and who provide an understanding atmosphere to them Northouse, Transactional leadership, in contrast focuses strictly on the interchange between leaders and followers, specifically what is the benefit to each party to complete the goal Northouse, There are two factors of transactional leadership.
One factor is contingent reward, which means that the leader requests a task be completed, and a predetermined reward is given to followers upon completion of that task Northouse, The other factor is management by exception which involves the leader only giving feedback, in a negative manner, as a corrective measure Northouse, Management by exception can take the form of the leader closely observing followers and providing negative feedback when they make mistakes, or generally ignoring them until they make a mistake and only then providing negative feedback Northouse, Laissez-faire Leadership describes a complete lack of leadership, where followers have virtually no contact with, or support provided by the leader Northouse, I think this is due to my direct managers being more middle management as opposed to upper management.
I think this scenario breeds a transactional leadership style because it is an easy rut to fall into. As the manager, all you have to do is provide an employee a desired incentive to complete a task, like a monetary bonus, and combine it with a threat of corrective action for failure to perform, like a negative review in their file.
Transformational leadership on the other hand is much more difficult to achieve, especially if you are not an outgoing or charismatic person, because it involves much more involvement and interaction with your employees.
I did have a laissez-faire manager at one of my previous jobs. I worked nightshift at an auto parts warehouse, and the plant manager worked dayshift.
My shift was 11p-7a and his shift was 9a-5p. He never stayed late, or came in early, so in the 6 years that I worked there, we never crossed paths.
I finally met him on the day that I was called into a plant-wide mandatory meeting on dayshift where they informed us that the warehouse was being closed.
Theory and Practice, 7th Ed.TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP 11 take the form of contingent reward in which the leader clarifies for the follower through direction or participation what the follower.
Transformational leaders inspire, energize, and intellectually stimulate their employees. The author argues that through training, managers can learn the techniques and obtain the qualities they need to become transformational leaders. “Transformational leaders don’t start by denying the world around them.
Instead, they describe a future they’d like to create instead.” – Seth Godin Transformational leadership is among the more recent leadership theories.
It focuses on a leader’s ability to inspire followers and it does so by focusing on a vision that can change the . In this week’s lesson, we looked at transformational, transactional and laissez-faire leadership. Transformational leadership focuses on the leader as the follower’s source of inspiration to exceed expectations (Northouse, ).
transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership styles and located a substantial group of studies that had compared women and men on these styles.
What are the pros and cons of different leadership styles In , leadership expert John Maxwell identified influence as the true measure of leadership. The role of a leader is, ultimately, to influence team members to accomplish a given task while fostering team cohesion and motivation.