Lebanon[ edit ] Lebanon's legal system is based on a combination of Civil LawIslamic law and Ottoman laws. For the application of personal status laws, there are three separate sections:
There are also some categorical income exemptions explained in subsection f "Categorical Exemptions" below. Note also that recipients and benefit unit members who are receiving earnings income, commencing employment, or leaving ODSP for employment reasons may also be eligible for some of several "employment-related benefits": For employees, this is really just a determination of "net" employment income ie.
For business income however the availability of this deduction at all is less clear, perhaps only for the formalistic reason that they are not taken in the form of "source deductions", as is the case with their employed counterparts.
This formalism can be circumvented by including the liability for these items in the determination of "net" business income in the first place.
This issue is discussed further below [see s. Child care expenses to the maximums set out below are deducted from earnings income for purpose of income deduction IF they meet ALL of the following conditions: Note that any amount paid as an "up-front child care" benefit see Ch.
This means that the parent can receive this benefit and still claim the full child care employment earnings deduction.
This rule increases income support, as it reduces 'chargeable' employment earnings. This reduction does not apply if the expenses are otherwise covered ie. As well, expenses "that relate to accommodating the person under section 17 of the Human Rights Code" may not be so deducted.
These are employer's expenses in modifying the workplace or job to accomodate the person's disability. This provision prevents the employer from passing these expenses on to the recipient and thus on to ODSPas they are the legal responsibility of the employer under the Human Rights Code.
Note however that strike pay in any amount less than the deemed income will NOT be added to this. This is practically very harsh, and operates on the logic that the government does not want to subsidize a labour dispute on the side of the worker [Reg s.
However in the case of a lock-out - where the worker has no control over the employer's actions - the policy seems further unfair. A person facing such a situation understandably might think that quitting their job would circumvent this problem by ending their involvement in the "labour dispute".
However earners who are non-disabled adults NOT recipients have a conflicting duty to "make reasonable efforts to accept and maintain full-time, part-time or casual employment for which he or she is physically capable" [OW Reg s. Persons in such a situation may feel caught between a "rock and a hard place".
One potential though relatively drastic solution to this conundrum spring to mind short of accepting the quit penalty, above. As the duty to 'maintain employment' is conditioned by the adjective "reasonable", so one might simply approach ODSP in writing, ALWAYS keeping a copyexplaining the circumstances and asking for their "opinion" on the merits of quitting essentially an "advance ruling" - so useful in the income tax situation.
Single recipients in such a situation may also wish to seek temporary one-half month "emergency assistance" under the welfare Ontario Works program [see that program at Ch. This "solution" is even suggested at the end of the current Policy Directive 2. In such difficult and complex situations, recipients might hope for sympathetic and helpful interpretations of the law from their workers - and failing which, from the Social Benefits Tribunal which - during the period required for an appeal to be heard - can order the Director to provide "interim assistance" at the pre-dispute rate to the benefit unit [see Ch.
Employment and training program earnings of the following are not included in "income" for definitions see Ch. Note however that additional "strike pay" in any amount less than the deemed income is treated categorically as exempt income.
Rent Paid to a Claimant a Overview This section discusses the treatment of rent as INCOME when it is charged by a recipient to a 'tenant', with the recipient being either a home owner or as a "chief tenant" subletting to another person.
As well, there are rules discussed in Ch. Situations of 'sharing' can be practically very similar to situations of subletting, and are distinguished by the relationship of the residents with the "main" landlord. If both persons are jointly and equally liable to the "main" landlord then it is a situation of two co-tenants "sharing", but if only one is directly liable to the "main" landlord then you probably have a subletting relationship.
These situations are often - but not always - clarified by whose name is on the written lease, assuming one exists. Note that Ontario landlord and tenant law provides for completely legal verbal leases and in such cases the detailed nature of the relationship between all the parties need to be examined.
The two different sets of rules apply independently of each other. Recipients can receive rent from "tenants" who are lodgers, boarders or full tenant renters - or even by renting non-residential properties such as garages.
The distinctions between these different categories of "tenants" are discussed in Ch. For chargeability purposes, rental income to a recipient is calculated as 'chargeable' as a percentage of what is actually received.A school mission statement can help you decide if what they offer and the way they provide it lines up with your educational goals.
In three places: 1. in our PDF, which is downloadable here: Western Law personal statement; 2.
on the OLSAS website in the Western University section; and 3. in the online OLSAS application itself, more specifically in the “Help” box on the page where applicants prepare their personal statement.
Common Law Ontario The definition of what is common law in Ontario depends on what legal right is at issue. Each Ontario statute defines common law differently, so you could be considered common law for one purpose and not for another.
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