With the extraordinary growth of the academic discipline of history in the 19th century, the history of the Middle Ages was absorbed into academic curricula of history in Europe and the United States and established in university survey courses and research seminars. Journals of… History of historiography All human cultures tell stories about the past.
Islamic attitudes towards science The various Quranic injunctions and Hadithwhich place values on education and emphasize the importance of acquiring knowledge, played a vital role in influencing the Muslims of this age in their search for knowledge and the development of the body of science.
Greek contributions to Islamic worldIndian influence on Islamic scienceChristian influences in Islamand Chinese influences on Islamic pottery During this period, the Muslims showed a strong interest in assimilating the scientific knowledge of the civilizations that had been conquered.
Many classic works of antiquity that might otherwise have been lost were translated from GreekPersianIndianChineseMuslim scholars contributions essayand Phoenician civilizations into Arabic and Persian, and later in turn translated into Turkish, Hebrew, and Latin.
For a long period of time the personal physicians of the Abbasid Caliphs were often Assyrian Christians.
Among the prominent centers of learning and transmission of classical wisdom were Christian colleges such as the School of Nisibis  and the School of Edessa the pagan University of Harran   and the renowned hospital and medical academy of Jundishapurwhich was the intellectual, theological and scientific center of the Church of the East.
It was led by Christian physician Hunayn ibn Ishaqwith the support of Byzantine medicine. Many of the most important philosophical and scientific works of the ancient world were translated, including the work of GalenHippocratesPlatoAristotlePtolemy and Archimedes. Many scholars of the House of Wisdom were of Christian background.
With a new and easier writing systemand the introduction of paperinformation was democratized to the extent that, for probably the first time in history, it became possible to make a living from simply writing and selling books.
It was easier to manufacture than parchmentless likely to crack than papyrusand could absorb ink, making it difficult to erase and ideal for keeping records. Islamic paper makers devised assembly-line methods of hand-copying manuscripts to turn out editions far larger than any available in Europe for centuries.
According to Bernard Lewis: The work of Iranians can be seen in every field of cultural endeavor, including Arabic poetry, to which poets of Iranian origin composing their poems in Arabic made a very significant contribution.
During this period hundreds of scholars and scientists vastly contributed to technology, science and medicine, later influencing the rise of European science during the Renaissance. Madrasa The centrality of scripture and its study in the Islamic tradition helped to make education a central pillar of the religion in virtually all times and places in the history of Islam.
Islamic "universities" of the Middle Ages were in fact madrasas, centers for the study of religious texts and law.
Only after the Arabs came in contact with the institutions of higher learning of the Christian Greek Roman Empire during their conquests did the madrasas begin to teach other subjects as well - but the only degree granted remained that of expert in religious law: The madrasa is one of the relics of the Fatimid caliphate.
Sharia Juristic thought gradually developed in study circles, where independent scholars met to learn from a local master and discuss religious topics.Aristotle presented to the Christian scholars the opportunity to escape from the Muslim thought as such.
Aristotle belonging to the classical past (Greek and Roman) of Europe was a positive complement to the Muslim sciences towards which the Christian scholars had turned to acquire their knowledge.
Islam, Muslims and Islamic civilization are under siege in America. Subsequent to the tragic incidents of September 11, Afghanistan and Iraq wars, ISIS’s barbarism and Paris shooting, Islam both as religion and community has witnessed some of the worst attacks upon its heritage and legacy unprecedented in the previous history.
Historiography: Historiography, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the selection of particular details from the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical.
The Islamic Golden Age is the era in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 14th century, during which much of the historically Islamic world was ruled by various caliphates, and science, economic development and cultural works flourished.
About. Schwarzman Scholars is the first scholarship created to respond to the geopolitical landscape of the 21st Century. Learn More. In the recent years the image of Islam has taken a beating due to the various terrorist groups wrongly claiming to be followers of Islam and doing the god's work.
Everything good thing about Islam is overshadowed by these terrorists and the world believes Islam to be a religion of intolerance and.