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Definition[ edit ] What distinguishes a fictional universe from a simple setting is the level of detail and internal consistency. A fictional universe has an established continuity and internal logic that must be adhered to throughout the work and even across separate works.
So, for instance, many books may be set in conflicting fictional versions of Victorian Londonbut all the stories of Sherlock Holmes are set in the same Victorian London. However, the various film series based on Sherlock Holmes follow their own separate continuities, thus not taking place in the same fictional universe.
The history and geography of a fictional universe are well defined, and maps and timelines are often included in works set within them.
Even new languages may be constructed. When subsequent works are written within the same universe, care is usually taken to ensure that established facts of the canon are not violated.
Even if the fictional universe involves concepts such as elements of magic that don't exist in the real world, these must adhere to a set of rules established by the author.
A famous example of a detailed fictional universe is Arda more popularly known as Middle-earthof J. He created first its languages and then the world itself, which he states was "primarily linguistic in inspiration and was begun in order to provide the necessary 'history' Making imaginary worlds real the case the Elvish tongues.
Additionally, he commissioned a linguistics expert to invent the Na'vi language. Virtually every successful fictional TV series or comic book develops its own "universe" to keep track of the various episodes or issues.
Writers for that series must follow the story bible which often becomes the series canon. Frequently, when a series is perceived by its creators as too complicated or too self-inconsistent because of, for example, too many writersthe producers or publishers may introduce retroactive continuity retcon to make future editions easier to write and more consistent.
This creates an alternate universe that future authors can write about. These stories about the universe or universes that existed before the retcon are usually not canonical, unless the franchise-holder gives permission.
Crisis on Infinite Earths was an especially sweeping example. Some writers choose to introduce elements or characters from one work into another, to present the idea that both works are set in the same universe.
For example, the character of Ursula Buffay from American sitcom Mad About You was also a recurring guest star in Friendsdespite the two series having little else in common.
In science fiction, A.
Bertram Chandler introduced into his future Galactic civilization the character Dominic Flandry from Poul Anderson 's quite different Galactic future he had Anderson's consent — on the assumption that these were two alternate history timelines and that people could on some occasions cross from one to the other.
Scope[ edit ] Sir Thomas More 's Utopia is one of the earliest examples of a cohesive fictional world with its own rules and functional concepts, but it comprises only one small island.
Later fictional universes, like Robert E. A fictional universe may even concern itself with more than one interconnected universe through fictional devices such as dreams, " time travel " or "parallel worlds".
Such a series of interconnected universes is often called a multiverse. Such multiverses have been featured prominently in science fiction since at least the midth century.
The classic Star Trek episode " Mirror, Mirror " introduced the Mirror Universein which the crew members of the Starship Enterprise were brutal rather than compassionate. The movie Star Trek created an "alternate reality" and freed the Star Trek franchise from continuity issues.
In the mids, DC Comics Crisis on Infinite Earths streamlined its fictional continuity by destroying most of its alternate universes. A fictional universe can be contained in a single work, as in George Orwell 's Nineteen Eighty-Four or Aldous Huxley 's Brave New Worldor in serializedseries -based, open-ended or round robin -style fiction.
In most small-scale fictional universes, general properties and timeline events fit into a consistently organized continuity. However, in the case of universes that are rewritten or revised by different writerseditorsor producersthis continuity may be violated, by accident or by design.
The occasional publishing use of retroactive continuity retcon often occurs due to this kind of revision or oversight. Members of fandom often create a kind of fan-made canon fanon to patch up such errors; "fanon" that becomes generally accepted sometimes becomes actual canon.
Other fan-made additions to a universe fan fictionalternate universepasticheparody are usually not considered canonical unless they get authorized. Shared universe Shared universes often come about when a fictional universe achieves great commercial success and attracts other media.
For example, a successful movie may catch the attention of various book authors, who wish to write stories based on that movie. The degree to which the copyright-holder or franchise retains control is often one of the points in the license agreement.
For example, the comic book Superman was so popular that it spawned over 30 different radio, television, and movie series and a similar number of video gamesas well as theme park rides, books, and songs.
In the other direction, both Star Trek and Star Wars are responsible for hundreds of books and games of varying levels of canonicity.(The latter of these is particularly important to keep in mind.
Even though your world may be an entirely imaginary one filled with magic or made-up technology, it must still be governed consistently and carefully by the internal logic and laws you set up for it.
Yes, Netanyahu *did* with his repeated strikes on Syria, thumb his nose at Putin (that famous Israeli chutzpah at work for you!), and yes, Putin wining and dining Netanyahu was a painful sight and a PR-disaster.
But on substance, did Israel get Russia to “betray Iran”? Caliopso May 05 am Far more than a kdrama. I think it's the ultimate masterpiece among all tv show of all the time.
I consider it like a classical, as others masterpieces like "the prisonner" (60' tv show with Patrick Mc Gohan), or Liar game (Japanese drama). Vedic Astrology is a misnomer. There is absolutely no mention of Predictive Astrology in any of the four Vedas, Upanishads or Brahmanas.
No authentic Hindu scripture ever supported astrology. I should be writing episodes and right now, but to procrastinate, I started reading the comments people were making about The very aptly named Sir Real brought up an excellent question which I’d like to address, “What ‘actually’ happened in the DTWOF world” in this episode?
A fictional universe is a self-consistent setting with events, and often other elements, that differ from the real world. It may also be called an imagined, constructed or fictional realm (or world). Fictional universes may appear in novels, comics, films, television shows, video games, and other creative works..
A fictional universe can be almost indistinguishable from the real world, except.