An argument in favor of affirmative action in the united states

Affirmative Action and Financial Aid Affirmative action is often defined as the effort to improve access to higher education for minority and female students. It is typically implemented through special recruitment efforts and by giving special preferences to minorities.

An argument in favor of affirmative action in the united states

Since American Indians are now taxed, they are counted for purposes of apportionment.

Dec 09,  · Symposium before the oral argument in United States v. Microsoft; Symposium before the oral argument in Minnesota Voters Alliance v. The case, it would appear, now comes down to three options: kill affirmative action nationwide as an experiment that can’t be made to to suspend the entry of aliens into the United States;. Affirmative action in higher education grew out of the civil rights movement. After centuries of discrimination and segregation, minorities in America did not — and could not — rush into universities the moment they finally opened their doors. 31× See Colin S. Diver, From Equality to Diversity: The Detour from Brown to Grutter, U. Ill. L. Rev. , – Especially for entrepreneurs, business men/women, and forwarding thinking managers it is crucial to recognize the power of diversity. Many people like to liken affirmative action to fairness and equality, which are bonafide answers to the question why is affirmative action necessary.

The 17th Amendment provided for the direct popular election of Senators. The filling of vacancies was altered by the 17th amendment. The 20th Amendment changed the starting date for a session of Congress to noon on the 3d day of January This obsolete provision was designed to protect the slave trade from congressional restriction for a period of time.

Section 2 The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.

The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

An argument in favor of affirmative action in the united states

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers;and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes.

The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.

No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: Section 4 The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.

Introduction

Section 5 Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members,and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.

Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member. Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.

Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. Section 6 The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States.All people are equal under the laws of the United States of America and should be treated accordingly.

A short article containing a typical argument against affirmative action. The Government: The Government on the whole, however, has maintained a position somewhere in the middle.

On the one hand, the Supreme Court has banned the use of. Explore the pros and cons of the debate On balance, affirmative action in the United States is desirable not only supports affirmative action but has submitted an amicus brief to the United States Supreme Court arguing in favor of affirmative action precisely because of its diversity benefits.

The facts are that affirmative action costs. The Supreme Court of the United States blog. Conference of November 16, ; Andersen v. Planned Parenthood of Kansas and Mid-Missouri Whether the provisions of the Medicaid Act that require participating states to include in their plans the ability of eligible individuals to obtain services from any “qualified” provider, 42 U.S.C.

§ a(a)(23), but grant states broad authority to. Affirmative action is primarily lauded because of its hypothetical ability to level the playing field for traditionally marginalized groups while also making up for past injustices.

Others favor affirmative action because it promotes diversity, integration and equal access to resources.

An argument in favor of affirmative action in the united states

Affirmative. Actually, we still need affirmative action for African Americans in college admissions. Here’s why. March 6, Executive Order makes the first reference to "affirmative action" President John F. Kennedy issues Executive Order , which creates the Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity and mandates that projects financed with federal funds "take affirmative action" to ensure that hiring and employment practices are free of racial bias.

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