Max Gerber] I am often asked whether I agree with the new group selectionists, and the questioners are always surprised when I say I do not.
Rochester Institute of Technology This review discusses how two theories--evolutionary psychology and social structural theory--apply to mate preferences, jealousy, and aggression.
It compares explanations from both theories for each sex difference. Evolutionary psychology maintains that sex differences develop biologically as people adapt to changes in the environment. The main focus in evolutionary psychology is reproduction of future generations.
Social structural theory maintains that sex differences result from changes in society and social roles occupied by men and women. Social structural theory also draws upon cultural explanations.
This paper compares the perspectives of evolutionary psychology and social structural theory on sex differences in jealousy, mate preferences, and aggression.
These two theories shed somewhat different lights on the origins of sex differences between men and women. Both theories discuss sex differences in mate preferences, jealousy, and aggression.
Explanations from the two theories are compared and contrasted. Explanations for Sex Differences Evolutionary psychologists have developed a theory to explain the origins of differences between men and women. From the evolutionary perspective, human sex differences reflect the pressure of differing physical and social environments between females and males in primeval times.
It is believed that each sex faced different pressures and that the differing reproductive status was the key feature in life at that time. This resulted in sex-specific evolved mechanisms that humans carry with them--these are the causes of sex-differentiated behavior. The two sexes developed different strategies to ensure their survival and reproductive success.
This explains why men and women differ psychologically: Evolutionary psychologists explain sex differences as based on differing parental investment. Because women invest greatly in reproduction of offspring, they have developed traits that help improve the chances that each offspring will survive.
Evolutionary psychologists view sex-evolved dispositions as psychological tendencies that have been built in genetically. This explains the difference in each sex's perspective on reproduction. The social structural theory states that the critical cause of sex differences is social structure.
The differences between genders are not based psychologically but are influenced socially. It is believed that situations faced by each sex are variable in societies and cultures and historical periods and that there are changes are in responses to technology, ecology, and social organization.
Because men are bigger and stronger, they are given more attention and respect in our society.speciﬁc theories of aggression.
Finally we describe the general aggression model, an integrative framework that will bring more order and structure to the ﬁeld of ag-gression.
Subsequent sections address inputs, routes, and outcomes of aggression, GJC HUMAN AGGRESSION. Expanding Your View. Up to now, your introduction to organizational communication has been fairly straightforward.
The definition of an “organization” presented in Chapter 1 "Introduction to Organizational Communication" emphasized aspects of the workplace that you probably expected—structure, goals, personnel, etc., and the definition of “communication” featured elements that can be.
Applying Learning Theories to Online Instructional Design. By Peter J.
Patsula, Sookmyung Women's University, Seoul. Introduction. The following tutorial consists of five learning modules. Each module describes a learning theory and how that learning theory can be applied to improving online teaching and training materials.
Psychological Theories of Aggression: Principles and Application to Practice STÅL BJØRKLY selection of perspectives is based on a search in the literature that yielded works mation were introduced as central dynamic agents in the conversion of the potential attack on the self into an outward redirection.
This inner dynamic process. This raises a curious observation: it should really only be kosher to round off >1 digit at a time. If you only know something to the accuracy of , you can’t round to 45, only to 40, because the is already “rounded” within your understanding of its accuracy — it could be a , and therefore the rounding to 45 isn’t appropriate.
In terms of these two typologies, externally motivated explanations of generalized family violence, for example, are represented not exclusively by the disciplines of social-psychology, social anthropology, and sociology. These explanations of violence as well as of aggression, vulnerability, and risk stress the importance of structural-functionalism and the processes of socialization.